FENNEL FLOWER: Also known as Nigella sativa, black seed and black cumin.
Is Nestlé patenting the fennel flower?
No. We’re not claiming to ‘own’ the fennel flower, nor are we trying to patent it. Our patent application relates only to the specific way that thymoquinone - a compound that can be extracted from the seed of the fennel flower - interacts with opioid receptors in the body and helps to reduce allergic reactions to food.
The fennel flower (also known as Nigella sativa, black seed and black cumin) is a natural species, and nobody could, or should, benefit from ownership over it. In accordance with the Convention on Biological Diversity, we fully support the principle of fair access and benefit-sharing when it comes to the raw materials we use.
What is a patent?
A patent is an intellectual priority right granted by an official authority covering an invention. Most countries have patent legislation to promote innovation and encourage investment in research and development.
The inventors receive the exclusive right to use the invention for 20 years. In exchange for this exclusivity, the inventors disclose their invention to the public, so that after 20 years everybody can use it.
Why is patenting important to Nestlé?
Patenting is important for Nestle, as it is for all inventors, be they individuals, universities, small or large companies, in all sectors of the economy. Our patenting allows us an exclusivity period of the patent and assures us a return on investment for our products, which we then re-invest in new research.
What kind of patents does Nestlé have?
Our patents cover a diverse range of areas including aroma extraction from coffee, our Special T system and light-weight water bottles.
Fennel flower seed and its health benefits are well-known: from traditional remedies to recent research. Has Nestlé discovered new benefits from this plant?
Fennel flower seed has been widely used in India and other countries for centuries and its benefits are widely appreciated. In recent years, researchers have published various studies on the positive effects of fennel flower seed in treating various allergies, including those affecting the respiratory system, but not specifically food allergy.
Our scientists have discovered and researched a specific aspect of the way thymoquinone - a compound found in fennel flower seed - interacts with opioid receptors in the body to help reduce allergic reactions to foods.
What is thymoquinone?
Thymoquinone is a phytochemical compound found in the fennel flower and other plants. Research suggests it offers a wide range of potential health benefits.
What are opioid receptors?
Opioid receptors are specific cell surface receptors within the central and peripheral nervous system, as well as the gastrointestinal tract.
What would Nestlé’s patent cover?
Thymoquinone itself has been studied regarding allergies. It’s a natural compound of the fennel flower and other plants. Protecting the ingredient itself is not the aim of our patent. Rather, we aim to protect the findings of our research on the interactions between thymoquinone, or similar compounds, and the body’s opioid receptors, and how this interaction can help reduce allergic reactions to foods.
Would other companies still be able to use thymoquinone to develop products with health benefits?
Other companies could clearly use thymoquinone if the product containing thymoquinone has not been developed based on our scientific findings.
Would I still be able to use fennel flower in cooking, or for self-medication, for example?
Yes, you would be able to use the fennel flower for cooking and other purposes, just as you always have done.
Why is Nestlé working to treat food allergies?
Food allergies are a significant public health problem, especially in children. We focus our research on finding ways to help people stay healthy through the food they eat. This includes identifying bioactive ingredients from plants and evaluating their impact on health.
Read more about Nestlé and biodiversity - Fennel flower plant extract
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