As regards security of land tenure for small-holders, we are assessing the status of land tenure across our key Farmer Connect markets in a systematic manner, as part of the rollout of our Rural Development Framework. The scope of this work covers three specific aspects of land tenure: where farmers have no land; where farmers have land but weak security; and where farmers have land certificates though this is not equitably shared between men and women.
The countries where Nestlé plans to carry out the Rural Development Framework include:
Cameroon, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Honduras, Kenya, Morocco, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, Zimbabwe, Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Vietnam, Brazil, China, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Thailand, Sri Lanka, South Africa and Turkey.
The Rural Development Framework has already been carried out in Côte d’Ivoire to assess cocoa, coffee and cassava farmers (Côte d’Ivoire is a top 3 sourcing country for cocoa), China, and Vietnam (a top 3 sourcing country for coffee). In Côte d’Ivoire the fieldwork and assessment was carried out by the University of Yamoussoukro. In China the fieldwork and assessment was carried out by Kunming AKW Consulting Company, and in Vietnam by Rainforest Alliance. In all cases farmers and communities were directly involved in the data gathering through community consultation exercises.
In China all farmers supplying Nestlé with coffee have land use certificates. However in Vietnam the proportion of farmers with land use certificates varies according to the livelihood zone – varying from 35% to 100% (though mostly 80% or higher). In Côte d’Ivoire 58% of land holders have secure tenure.
A longer description of the Rural Development Framework is provided here (pdf, 232Kb)
We anticipate making available public summary reports on Rural Development for these countries.