Roll out the Nestlé Cocoa Plan with cocoa farmers
Why it matters
The Nestlé Cocoa Plan aims to help farmers address the challenges they face through three pillars – better farming, better lives and better cocoa. Activities such as training in better agricultural practices, distributing higher-yielding plants, promoting gender equality and tackling child labor help farmers to improve the quality of their products as well as their income and livelihoods.
What we are doing
In 2019, we announced our aim to source 100% of cocoa for Nestlé confectionery through the Nestlé Cocoa Plan by 2025. We continued to coach farmers and saw the number of children leaving child labor increase. We also developed more rigorous certification auditing for our co-operatives. Read more about it in our 2019 progress report.
To enable us to monitor and measure our progress, we have set a number of key performance indicators (KPIs) for our Nestlé Cocoa Plan.
Nestlé Cocoa Plan key performance indicators*
|Number of farmers in Nestlé Cocoa Plan||Global||99 629||114 460||109 748|
|Number of improved cocoa plants distributed||Global||2 282 600||3 569 363||950 534|
|Number of shade trees distributed globally||Global||n/a||151 414||420 529|
|% farmers applying good agricultural practices||Côte d’Ivoire||9%||21%||28%|
|Number of co-ops/farmer groups in Child Labor Monitoring and Remediation System (CLMRS)||Côte d’Ivoire||95||89||87|
|Number of farmers in CLMRS co-ops||Côte d’Ivoire||65 486||67 074||73 248|
|Cumulative total of full-size schools built or refurbished||Côte d’Ivoire||43||45||49|
|Cumulative total of bridge schools built||Côte d’Ivoire||30||55||98|
|Cumulative number of children benefiting from remediation activities (direct and indirect)||Côte d’Ivoire||87 925|
|Cumulative number of children supported with education activities||Côte d’Ivoire||11 060||19 072||44 665|
|Number of farmers in CLMRS||Ghana||n/a||2859||2859|
|Number and % of children benefiting from support with education activities (direct and indirect)||Ghana||n/a||n/a||1107 / 78%|
|Number and % of children participating in child labor||Côte d’Ivoire||11 891 / 18%||17 590 / 21%||18 283 / 23%|
|Number and % of child labor cases followed up/assisted||Côte d’Ivoire||6346 / 53%||11 130 / 63%||
15 740 / 86%
|Number and % of children no longer in child labor (% expressed out of number of children with two or more visits)||Côte d’Ivoire||477 / 3%||981 / 5.6%||2459 / 29%|
|Number and % of children participating in child labor||Ghana||n/a||1496 / 60%||1416 / 58%|
|Number and % of child labor cases followed up/assisted||Ghana||n/a||1210 / 81%||668 / 60%|
|Number and % of children no longer in child labor||Ghana||n/a||0||0|
|Volume of Nestlé Cocoa Plan cocoa (tonnes)||Global||186 358||198 155||183 361|
|Nestlé Cocoa Plan cocoa as % of total Nestlé cocoa||Global||42.9%||49%||44%|
|Average number of years co-ops have partnered in Nestlé Cocoa Plan||Côte d’Ivoire||6|
|Research and development, planting material distribution||3625||6105||6614|
|Global co-operation, e.g. WCF CocoaAction||1604||1405||1048|
|Nestlé Cocoa Plan projects||842||346||230|
|Child labor monitoring and remediation system, and school-building||4482||4860||3350|
|Farmer cash premium||9299||12 167||8776|
|Co-op premium, certification, training and other costs||21 901||21 937||21 447|
|Total||41 752||46 821||41 466|
*All data is cumulative from the beginning of the project
Tackling child labor in our cocoa supply chain
Child labor is a complex and challenging issue in our cocoa supply chain, affected by many factors, including poverty, demographics, education, infrastructure, and local culture. We work with supply chain partners and local communities in West Africa to address the causes of child labor. Since 2012, a key element in our work has been our Child Labor Monitoring and Remediation System (CLMRS), which enables us to identify children at risk, raise awareness and provide remediation. Over the past 10 years, through the Nestlé Cocoa Plan we have invested CHF 19.3 million in preventing child labor through our CLMRS.
In 2019, we released our second child labor report (pdf, 5.7Mb), providing further insights into the successes and challenges of running CLMRS in Côte d’Ivoire. The report confirms that CLMRS is working well. Overall, we have almost doubled our outreach in the last two years to include 78 580 children across 1751 communities, with 1640 Community Liaison People monitoring the children. The report shows that since CLMRS was launched in 2012, benefits have included:
- 593 925 people attending awareness-raising sessions.
- 87 925 children within and outside our supply chain receiving prevention or remediation support.
- 78 580 children being monitored, with 18 283 found to be in child labor.
- 49 schools being built or refurbished, benefiting 20 000 children.
- 1225 children benefiting from tutoring.
- 19 152 school kits containing essential equipment being provided to children.
- 5756 birth certificates being issued.
- 62 children enrolling in vocational training.
- 979 women benefiting from the maternal literacy program, which helps them to better support their families.
Our remediation work has helped us get around half of all children involved in hazardous work to stop performing those tasks. With poverty being a cause of child labor, supporting the livelihoods of cocoa-farming communities is also an important part of our strategy. We encourage income diversification and women’s empowerment, teach better farming practices and enable access to basic financial services.
Helping cocoa communities save
Many individuals, communities and villages in cocoa-growing areas find it difficult to save money. We are supporting efforts to help them through a community approach. The Village Savings and Loans Association (VSLA) scheme openly ensures that everyone can see how much money is paid into a secure box and see it going out if someone needs assistance. At the end of each annual cycle, accumulated savings are distributed back to members with interest.
This demonstrates that communities can save and provide support to individuals when needed, creating trust and bringing the community together. It also enables people to save for bigger purchases or to start their own business. Once trained, the communities can run the funds themselves, enabling the whole village to become more resilient.
Currently, 3000 farmers within the Nestlé Cocoa Plan are participating in VSLAs, with between 15 and 25 in each community association.
Improving literacy rates for women
In cocoa-growing communities in Côte d’Ivoire, fewer than half of the population can read, and the literacy rate is even lower among women. We know that when mothers can read, their families have access to better nutrition and quality of life. So, through our Nestlé Cocoa Plan, we have introduced a literacy training program in 29 communities, benefiting almost 1000 women in the past three years. The program contributed to Nestlé receiving a 2019 Leading Women Award from the World Business Council for Sustainable Development.
Increasing gender awareness in Côte d’Ivoire
The Nestlé Cocoa Plan is raising the issue of gender equality in our cocoa supply chain. Targeted at co-operatives, a three-day gender awareness program aims to start changing attitudes toward gender. Sessions include personal gender awareness, as well as the development of an action plan for each participating co-op.
Leading cocoa farm rejuvenation in Côte d’Ivoire
Jean Marie Koffi Kouadio began working on his father’s farm in 2013, taking it over after his father’s death three years later. In 2015, he was invited to join the Nestlé Elite Farmer program. The training provided has allowed him to improve how he manages his farm and business skills through:
- Planning and managing cash flow, margins, loans, savings, diversification and household management.
- Farm rejuvenation, by increasing the variety of cocoa grown and diversifying.
- Becoming a lead farmer, to share his agripreneurial mindset and learning with fellow farmers.
- Participating in a number of international conferences to share his experiences.
I have a vision of becoming a young farmer leader who, by 2025, will:
Jean Marie Koffi Kouadio, cocoa farmer
- Strongly involve well-trained young men and women in agricultural entrepreneurship by promoting success stories.
- Expand the family farm business with more resources (diversification, intensive production, preservation of the environment, and fighting against child labor).
- Develop more professional and stronger farmer organizations.
Pruning for success in Ecuador
In Ecuador, the Nestlé Cocoa Plan is helping farmers transform their business models and become agripreneurs. Our training program, launched in 2017, comprises 15 four-hour sessions over six months. The sessions provide theoretical and practical skills in areas such as irrigation, fertilization, pruning and grafting, all of which help farmers improve their productivity and quality. Of more than 370 farmers trained so far, around 30% are under the age of 30, and 20% are women. A survey conducted on a sample of around 100 attendees of the 2017 and 2018 program showed that 40% had provided services and said their income had increased since the program.
One such young agripreneur is Wilson Matamoros, 24, who works on his family’s farm in Mocache, Los Ríos province. Having learned pruning techniques through our program, he has increased the cocoa yield on the family farm and offers cocoa pruning services to other local farms, earning additional income. He now aims to become the leader of a group of cocoa pruners in the region.
Find out more
- Rural Development Framework, update 2015 (pdf, 2Mb)
- Commitment on Child Labour in Agricultural Supply Chains (pdf, 200Kb)
- Corporate Business Principles (pdf, 1Mb)
- Responsible Sourcing Standard (pdf, 2Mb)
- Commitment on Deforestation and Forest Stewardship (pdf, 300Kb)
- Commitment on Farm Animal Welfare (pdf, 1Mb)
- Natural Capital: Water in Agriculture (pdf, 6Mb)
- Natural Capital: Biodiversity (pdf, 4Mb)
- Nestlé Cocoa & Forests Initiative Action Plan (pdf, 860Kb)