Spices are essential to our product portfolio and used in many products, especially those in our Maggi and Thomy brands.
Spices bring the distinctive flavors that make many of our foods taste the way they do. In 2018, we added spices to our priority raw materials. We are determined to buy spices that are produced sustainably from transparent supply chains, working with suppliers and farmers to build knowledge on the importance of avoiding chemical overuse on crops. Poor working conditions and child labor also pose risks in spices supply chains. By collaborating with our suppliers and other relevant organizations we are helping to ensure that human rights are respected.
Our approach to ensuring sustainable production of spices
Nestlé is a relatively small purchaser of spices. We source most of them from countries in Asia, including India, Vietnam and Malaysia.
The spices we need must be processed before they are suitable for use in our products, so we buy them from processors instead of farmers. Focusing on six key spices – chili, coriander, cumin, turmeric, black pepper and mustard seeds – our aim is to ensure we source spices that have been produced sustainably and deliver greater positive outcomes for farming communities.
Our Responsible Sourcing Standard provides a clear framework for implementing sustainability programs or building upon those that are already in place. To hold our suppliers and ourselves accountable and drive industry-wide transparency, we have published the list of our spices Tier 1 suppliers and the list of corresponding primary processing sites in our supply chain, along with the countries of origin.
Building traceability and high standards for our suppliers
Businesses throughout the industry are recognizing the limitations of relying on sustainability certifications to ensure ethical practices at their sourcing origins. Buyers and suppliers are starting to move toward an approach that improves transparency in the supply chain and develops solutions by engaging directly with farmers through training, education, community support and collaborative initiatives. Having worked on responsible sourcing for years, we believe it is relevant to innovate and diversify our approach and tools.
Supporting farmers and suppliers
With our NGOs partner the Sustainable Agriculture Network (SAN), we are working toward sourcing spices that have been produced sustainably. The partnership focuses on finding opportunities that will have the biggest impact, while recognizing that we do not have the influence to tackle all issues at the same time.
Approximately 98% of India’s spice output is produced by smallholder farmers, usually working on a farm smaller than two hectares, and often not more than one acre. Many of these farmers seasonally rotate other crops along with spices.
This context presents several sustainability challenges, including the overuse of agrochemicals and the use of hazardous chemicals; a lack of soil and nutrient management; market price fluctuations for spices and other crops; pest infestations and changing climatic patterns; reductions in groundwater availability (a growing critical concern in India); scarcity of labor; and labor rights issues.
We establish local partnerships to help tailor our approach and implement appropriate initiatives. This means developing action plans to effectively implement our Responsible Sourcing Standard, plus training farmers and suppliers.
For further information about the Responsible Framework, the sustainability indicators and videos from the origins, please visit SAN’s website.
Nestlé sources both coffee and pepper in Vietnam. For the last 10 years, the Nescafé Plan’s Vietnam Farmer Connect team has been working closely with coffee farmer communities to promote intercropping models – the growing of multiple crops on coffee farms to help boost incomes and enhance biodiversity.
This climate-smart model inspired Nestlé to connect other purchased agricultural materials, such as black pepper in Vietnam, to the Nescafé Plan program areas. As such, three Vietnam-based Nestlé pepper suppliers have been connected to local Nescafé Plan teams and targeted dealers to facilitate and maintain a purchasing relationship between the suppliers and Nestlé.
The vision is to maximize our global black pepper procurement from intercropping agricultural models as an alternative to monocropping systems, which can be harmful to the environment and financially risky for farming communities.