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Long-term forest conservation and restoration

Farmer taking care of plant


Working towards deforestation-free supply chains is just a starting point.

We also need to take action to help keep forests standing and help restore degraded forests and natural ecosystems, while respecting the rights of Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities and promoting sustainable livelihoods.

Being forward-looking is essential. We aim to prevent deforestation and degradation, rather than responding after it's happened. To this end, we are identifying areas of future risks through a Forest Footprint methodology and engaging our suppliers to take preventative action where needed. 

Where forest degradation has happened, we have set an ambitious reforestation goal: Through our Global Reforestation Program we aim to grow 200 million trees by 2030 in and around farms where we source our ingredients. Our ambition is to make conservation and restoration standard practices throughout our supply chains.

A proactive approach to reforestation

24.6 million
9.32 million tonnes CO2e

Nestlé’s plan to support forest conservation

We buy our ingredients from farmers and suppliers. So how can we encourage long-term forest conservation and restoration? We:

  • Obtain commitments from suppliers to identify and conserve standing forests
  • Recognize and respect the land rights of Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities
  • Use satellite data to map our forest footprint and future risk areas
  • Invest in forest conservation and restoration projects in and around our supply chains
  • Support sustainable livelihoods, by purchasing goods at a premium and buying bigger quantities from sustainable suppliers
  • Co-invest in regenerative agriculture practices like agroforestry and intercropping
  • Partner with industry-wide coalitions to conserve high-value ecosystems.

Proactively helping prevent deforestation

A Forest Positive future requiresagricultural production working in harmony with forest conservation. Being forward-looking is essential to this process – anticipating where we need to focus efforts on conservation, rather than reacting to issues. We work to identify future risks to forests, peatlands and customary land rights near our supply chains through a global Forest Footprint exercise. We then engage our direct suppliers to take preventative action where needed. 

Respecting land rights

Recognizing and respecting land rights is a critical step in achieving sustainable supply chains and is a salient human rights issue for Nestlé. Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities are central to managing forest conservation. It is therefore critical that our approach puts this front and center.

We’re working to find ways to integrate further protection for tenure-based land rights into our approach. In 2022 we will publish our Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities’ land rights action plan. 

Supporting sustainable livelihoods

Poverty is one of the key drivers of deforestation. To help forests, smallholder farmers and their communities need to be incentivized and empowered to improve agricultural practices and to contribute to conservation and restoration. These farmers sometimes face specific challenges such as low yields or aging trees, and may clear forests to grow more crops, feed their family or earn more. The world's future challenge is to produce more food on less land, so it's critical they are included in and can benefit from a more resilient supply chain. Training in good agricultural practices can make a big difference in helping them improve yields and income. We also co-invest in equipment, provide access to finance, help reduce their costs of production and diversify their revenue streams. 

By supporting sustainable livelihoods, Nestlé is helping to prevent forest loss.

Getting ahead of deforestation

The Aceh province in North Sumatra, Indonesia, is home to more than 270 000 palm oil farmers, as well as mills and refineries. Since 2019 Nestlé has been monitoring deforestation risk from the sky, using Starling satellite technology, to better understand where and why forest loss is happening. With comprehensive data (pdf, 1Mb) and engagement on the ground, Nestlé and partners were able to put in place initiatives and take preventive action.

Read more about the Forest Footprint pilot exercise

Nestlé’s Global Reforestation Program

Where forest degradation has happened, we have set an ambitious goal to grow 20 million trees by 2030 in and around our supply chains through our Global Reforestation Program - GRP (pdf, 1Mb). Our aim is  to create a positive long-term impact on people, nature and the climate. 

Our projects include growing trees to restore natural forest landscapes, introducing agroforestry systems for suitable crops such as cocoa and coffee and supporting other natural ecosystem restoration activities. They aim to have co-benefits including helping to improve soil health and water conservation, restoring degraded lands, contributing to biodiversity, mitigating climate change and supporting local livelihoods and the rights of Indigenous People and Local Communities.

To ensure planted trees survive and thrive, we follow a project cycle for every intervention, which includes country- and project level assessments and stakeholder engagement to ensure proper selection of the projects and the places where we implement them, as well as long-term monitoring of impact.

For each project, verification or certification processes ensure that a robust set of carbon best practice principles (pdf, 1Mb) are implemented and respected.

For our initial projects, we have partnered with global tree-planting experts like One Tree Planted and PUR Projet, as well as carbon accounting initiatives, Biodiverse Carbon and South Pole. Together, we have set the foundations for a long-term, credible and robust program. 

The Nestlé Insetting Framework (pdf, 1Mb) allows us to identify which Natural Climate Solutions projects to invest in and implement in collaboration with our partners and suppliers along our value chain.

dense forest in the mist

Planting trees to sequester carbon

Bamboo thrives in degraded lands and sequesters carbon quickly. It also provides livelihood opportunities by harvesting the top of the plant to make paper, wood or textile products. A project recently launched in the Philippines secured 2.5 million bamboo clumps and one million native trees in one of our coffee-sourcing regions. 

Read more about our reforestation progress (pdf, 16Mb).

Creating Shared Value and Sustainability Report