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Responsibly sourced palm oil

Palm seeds closeup


Palm oil is a cost-competitive, versatile and widely produced vegetable oil. When produced responsibly, it can support millions of livelihoods and reduce pressure on forests and sensitive ecosystems.

We use palm oil as an ingredient in a number of Nestlé products. To address sustainability challenges in our palm oil supply chains, we start by understanding where the palm oil comes from and how it is produced. We buy from processing companies that source palm oil in Malaysia, Indonesia, Latin America and West Africa. And we work with expert organizations and the industry to continually improve the environmental and social practices.

Our progress toward sustainable palm oil production
97 %
68 %
71 %
90.4 %
423 kilotonnes

Our approach to sourcing palm oil that is sustainable and deforestation-free

We work with our suppliers and partners to continuously improve the sustainability practices of our upstream supply chain for palm oil, including assessing and addressing deforestation risks.

For the last 10 years, we have been using a combination of tools, including supply chain mapping, certification, satellite monitoring and on-the-ground assessments, to assess and address deforestation risks in our supply chains.

Working towards deforestation-free supply chains is the foundation of our Forest Positive strategy - which aims to target a positive impact on our broader sourcing landscapes. This will contribute to delivering our Net Zero Roadmap (pdf, 8.1Mb).

River going through forest

Pioneering satellite technology to monitor

We partnered with Airbus and Earthworm Foundation to implement Starling, a satellite-based service to monitor 100% of our global palm oil supply chains. Starling provides highly detailed optical and radar images of land across huge areas. We monitor over 9 000 farm boundaries, as well as the area surrounding more than 1 700 mills, to determine whether origins are verifiably deforestation-free and whether further supplier engagement and investigation are needed. 

Using data gathered through Starling, we have created a palm oil transparency dashboard to update stakeholders on our progress in achieving deforestation-free palm oil, and to share our learnings.

We’re using new technology in our efforts to combat deforestation in palm oil

Using Landscape approaches to address root causes

Sustainable production cannot be achieved through action only within the sites in our supply chain. We aim to address sustainability challenges and opportunities at the landscape level and view the farms, communities, and processing facilities that are connected to our supply chain as an integrated part of that broader landscape. To that end, we are increasing our focus on ‘landscape initiatives’, meaning integrated, multi-stakeholder efforts that work across industries at a jurisdictional level to address the root causes of the issues we work to address.

To take just two examples: in Indonesia we work alongside the Earthworm Foundation and several other companies to support landscape initiatives such as in Aceh Tamiang, where multi-stakeholder sustainable land use planning and support for local communities are being used to help end deforestation. In Mexico, the Mexico Palm Oil Holistic Program is a collaborative effort between Nestlé, PepsiCo, Oleopalma, RSPO, Proforest, and Femexpalma to support the sustainable development of the Mexican palm oil sector. This program was launched in 2017, and Nestlé joined in 2018 with the objective of increasing smallholders’ resilience to market changes and developing new tools that will help conserve forests while improving livelihoods. The program’s goals are to help drive sustainability in the Mexican palm oil sector, build the business case for including smallholders in responsible supply chains, and implement best practices to help prevent deforestation and human rights risks.

We collaborate closely with our suppliers to improve sustainability in palm oil production

Supporting Conservation and Restoration

In addition to addressing deforestation risks, we also support the conservation and restoration of forests and other important ecosystems. In 2021, we scaled up our investment for conservation and restoration around our palm oil supply chain. These initiatives embrace new models of conservation financing, collaboration, and action to drive positive impacts for people, climate and nature. 

In 2020, Nestlé Malaysia announced a commitment to plant three million trees over the next three years under Project RELeaf, a reforestation initiative in palm oil producing landscapes in Sabah and Peninsular Malaysia. The focus will be to restore riparian zones and forest ecosystems. The aim is to contribute to establishing wildlife corridors and mitigating human-animal conflict, and to protect critical water supplies. Planting is being accelerated after delays due to Covid-19 movement restrictions.

Continuing to improve sustainability practices

We work together with our direct suppliers to continuously improve the sustainability practices of our upstream supply chain, all the way up to smallholder farmers. We also work with partners to conduct supplier assessments and identify gaps. This informs the development of action plans with defined milestones and deadlines to act upon risks and identified opportunities for improvement.

  • Respect the Nestlé Responsible Sourcing Standard
  • Comply with local laws and regulations
  • Not use areas cleared of natural forest after December 31, 2015
  • Respect local and indigenous communities’ rights to free, prior and informed consent
  • Protect HCS land
  • Protect peatlands

When a supplier fails to effectively manage identified risks or meet agreed deadlines, we take decisive action. To provide assurance of this, we have removed the following 17 upstream supply chain companies from the Nestlé supply chain since 2018.

  • DTK Opportunity
  • Korindo Group
  • Indonusa
  • PTT Green Plc
  • Salim Group/Indofood
  • Noble
  • Posco Daewoo
  • Cilandri Anky Abadi
  • PT. Indo Sawit Perkasa 
  • PT. Kallista Alam 
  • PT. Laot Bangko 
  • PT. Surya Panen Subur 
  • Samling 
  • PT Agro Nusa Abadi (ANA)
  • PT Lestari Tani Teladan (LTT)
  • PT Mamuang

Providing supply chain disclosure

96% of the palm oil we source is traceable to the mill. However, assessing and monitoring conditions on the ground requires us to go further upstream, which is why we are also focusing on traceability to plantation. In 2021, we achieved 68% of traceability to plantation. To hold our suppliers and ourselves accountable and drive industry-wide transparency, we have published a list of our Tier 1 palm oil suppliers, their country of origin and the mills in our supply chain.

Nestlé is building transparency throughout its palm oil supply chain to promote and enable sustainable sourcing

Protecting the livelihoods and human rights of workers and children

Assessing the challenges

Nestlé has been working for many years to prevent and remediate human rights violations in its palm oil supply chain and has gained a much better understanding about the root causes of the problem. As part of our palm oil labor action plan, Nestlé developed a framework to help prioritize supplier engagement and systematically take action based on suppliers' risk profile and their capacity to address labor rights issues. Under the framework, we are working with external partners to develop corrective action plans for suppliers and put monitoring systems in place to track against a set of key performance indicators.

Working together on labor rights assessments

Giving workers a voice

In 2018, we partnered with our supplier, Sime Darby Plantation, to create a helpline for palm oil workers in Malaysia to report human and labor rights abuses. This third-party worker support line enables workers to safely report on working conditions, recruitment, safety and other rights abuses. In 2021, the helpline coverage was extended to cover all Sime Darby Plantations operations, or about 35 000 workers. More than 4 500 workers have participated in in-person training, and many more have received informational posters, videos, and other forms of outreach.

Responsible recruitment

Nestlé has supported several key initiatives to promote responsible recruitment, including funding the development of a human rights-based due diligence tool that supports palm oil producers in establishing transparency in their recruitment practices and identifying risks. A performance matrix allows suppliers to track and measure progress in their recruitment practices.

We have also invested in training assessors to identify forced labor risks associated with migrant workers’ recruitment, as well as supporting research (conducted by Earthworm) into recruitment practices and costs among small and medium-sized third-party suppliers.

Helping to protect children living on plantations

The presence of children on plantations is a risk in some parts of our palm oil supply chains. Thousands of children may live on palm oil plantations, often undocumented and without access to basic services such as education and schooling.

Child Risk Assessment Framework

Working with Earthworm, a Child Risk Assessment Framework has been developed to support palm grower companies. The Framework covers topics such as education, childcare, maternity protection, healthcare, nutrition, birth registration and child sexual exploitation prevention. A training model on the use of the Framework has also been developed and rolled out. 

team providing information to women and children

Wilmar Child Protection Policy 

We continue to support a program developed by our supplier Wilmar to protect children living on plantations, in collaboration with Business for Social Responsibility. It included holding a series of stakeholder consultation workshops on Implementing Wilmar’s Child Protection Policy for Indonesian plantation companies, government representatives, trade unions and industry associations. Following the workshops, Wilmar published its Child Protection Policy Implementation Manual which is being further refined for potential use outside of Wilmar’s supplier base.

Multi-stakeholder engagements

In East Kalimantan, Indonesia, we support Earthworm in its multi-stakeholder engagements with the government and suppliers on two themes: children on plantations and fair employment for casual workers. These consultations included a workshop for 54 representatives from palm oil companies, the government, civil society organizations and labor unions.

Partnering for collective action and engagement
To address key challenges in our palm oil supply chains, we cannot work alone. We collaborate with various industry partners to develop action plans, defined milestones, and achieve lasting change. Our partners and projects include:

We continue to increase our sourcing of RSPO -certified palm oil, with a preference for the physically segregated RSPO SG certification, working towards 100% RSPO certification by 2023.

As Board members of the CGF, we are actively involved in initiatives, including those which address challenges in the palm oil sector. We work with other members as part of the Palm Oil Working Group, addressing environmental and labor rights challenges at the industry level.

As a member of the POCG, we work together with other brands, traders and producers to accelerate effective implementation of the No Deforestation, No Peat, No Exploitation (NDPE) commitments.

As part of POTC, we work collaboratively with the other company members to assess the first importers of palm oil on their approaches to addressing deforestation and exploitation in order to promote transparency and encourage progress beyond certification.
Creating Shared Value and Sustainability Report